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by Peter E. Langford

Author: Peter E. Langford
Subcategory: Social Sciences
Language: English
Publisher: Psychology Press; 1 edition (April 1, 1995)
Pages: 256 pages
Category: Other
Rating: 4.2
Other formats: txt lit lrf rtf

The first part of the book offers a survey of current approaches to the development of moral reasoning .

The first part of the book offers a survey of current approaches to the development of moral reasoning: those of Freud, ego psychology, Piaget and Kohlberg.

Kohlberg L. Essays on Moral Development: Vol. 2. The Psychology of Moral Development. Moral climate and the development of moral reasoning: the effects of dyadic discussions between young offenders

Kohlberg L. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1984. Moral development in the context of ego functioning. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly 1998; 44: 464–483. Moral climate and the development of moral reasoning: the effects of dyadic discussions between young offenders. Journal of Moral Education 1997; 26: 21–43. CrossRefGoogle Scholar. Moral reasoning and leadership among men in a Papua New Guinea society.

Mit der Google Play Bücher App kannst du "Approaches to the Development of Moral Reasoning" auf deinem . The first part of the book offers a survey of current approaches to the development of moral reasoning: those of Freud, ego psychology, Piaget and Kohlberg.

Mit der Google Play Bücher App kannst du "Approaches to the Development of Moral Reasoning" auf deinem PC sowie deinen Android- und iOS-Geräten lesen. Du kannst dir beim Lesen Notizen machen, interessante Stellen markieren, Lesezeichen verwenden und dir das E-Book herunterladen, um es offline zu lesen.

PDF Although moral development has been studied from a variety of. .In book: The Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology. or moral development must deal with the problem of moral relativism or value

PDF Although moral development has been studied from a variety of psychological perspectives, including learning theory, psychoanalysis, and others,. Cite this publication. or moral development must deal with the problem of moral relativism or value. neutrality, which stems from the value-laden words moral and development.

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Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life. Originally concerned with infants and children, the field has expanded to include adolescence, adult development, aging, and the entire lifespan. Developmental psychologists aim to explain how thinking, feeling, and behaviors change throughout life. This field examines change across three major dimensions: physical development, cognitive development, and socioemotional development.

The evidence for distinct stages of moral development looks very weak, and some would argue that behind the theory is a.The Psychology of Moral Development: The Nature and Validity of Moral Stages (Essays on Moral Development, Volume 2). Harper & Row. Piaget, J. (1932).

The evidence for distinct stages of moral development looks very weak, and some would argue that behind the theory is a culturally biased belief in the superiourity of American values over those of other cultures and societies. The moral judgment of the child.

The cognitive development approach remains one of the most influential approaches to the investigation of moral . In Piaget's theory of moral development the phase in which younger children's thinking about moral transgressions is governed by rules set by adults.

The cognitive development approach remains one of the most influential approaches to the investigation of moral development. Changes in moral judgment are seen as qualitative, discontinuous, unidirectional, irreversible and involving a universal sequence. With the cognitive approach, individuals use their internal workings or cognitions to actively construct what is right and wrong, and the environment plays only a passive role in determining what is right and wrong.

The social cognitive theory of moral development assesses the difference between the adolescent's ability to produce moral behavior (moral competence) and his or her ability to implement moral behaviors in specific situations (moral performance). Social cognitive theorists believe that the adolescent's moral performance is not guided by abstract thinking, but by rewards, punishments, and motivation.

The first part of the book offers a survey of current approaches to the development of moral reasoning: those of Freud, ego psychology, Piaget and Kohlberg. The approach of Kohlberg has been popular because he was able to give an impressive account of findings from the key method of interviews, the other crucial method being naturalistic observation of moral discourse. The accounts of interview evidence given by ego psychology and Piaget were less comprehensive and less impressive. Naturalistic studies have either been impressionistic or less detailed in their methods of analysis.The second part of the book argues that the impressive nature of Kohlberg's later evidence for his view that moral reasoning passes through a sequence of stages is in part illusory, because his theory predicts that specific types of reply will show specific developmental patterns. However, as data are always reported in terms of stages, which amalgamate very disparate types of reply, it is impossible to know whether the specific types of reply follow their predicted developmental courses or not. Reasons given for assigning given types of reply to a stage are also often doubtful. This leads to discussion of studies that have reported findings in terms of specific types of reply (weakly interpretive methods), as opposed to Kohlberg's stage-based and strongly interpretive methods. Findings from these disconfirm Kohlberg's theory at several crucial points.The second and third parts of the book also examine findings from non-Kohlbergian interviews and other methods, again advocating that weakly interpretive and largely descriptive presentation of findings is preferable to strongly interpretive techniques. It is argued that a wide variety of mechanisms suggested by the theories outlined in the first part of the book, as well as others drawn from general theories of personality development, are able to explain existing descriptive developmental findings. The task for the future is to assess the relative importance of these mechanisms.