|Author:||Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations|
|Publisher:||Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (April 1988)|
|Other formats:||mbr lit azw txt|
However, in certain areas of West Africa, livestock production remains impossible . As in many countries in other regions of SSA, agriculture forms the backbone of the economies of countries in West and Central Africa
However, in certain areas of West Africa, livestock production remains impossible, despite the presence of tsetse fly, though the use of cattle and small ruminant breeds that are tolerant to the disease. As in many countries in other regions of SSA, agriculture forms the backbone of the economies of countries in West and Central Africa. Approximately 50-80 percent of the workforce in several of the countries is engaged in the agriculture sector. Agricultural production contributes 30-50 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in most of these countries.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security. Its Latin motto, fiat panis, translates to "let there be bread". Founded in October 1945, the FAO is the oldest existing agency of the .
Data collection was done using a bibliographical study, complemented by in situ investigations
Data collection was done using a bibliographical study, complemented by in situ investigations. According to phenotypic description and concepts used by indigenous livestock keepers, 13 local cattle breeds were recognized: N’dama, Kouri, the Baoule-Somba group, the Lagoon cattle group, zebu Azawak, zebu Maure, zebu Touareg, zebu Goudali, zebu Bororo, zebu White Fulani, zebu Djelli, zebu Peuhl soudanien and zebu Gobra (Toronke).
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Improving Livestock and Farm Production in the Ethiopian Highlands: Initial Results. Trypanotolerant Livestock in West and Central Africa. International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Vol. 1, General Study. Zebu Cattle of India and Pakistan. FAO Agricultural Study No. 19. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Livestock development in West Africa appears promising as imports could be substituted by local production and demand in the region calls for increased supply. Epidemiology of helminths of cattle, sheep and goats in Maritime Guinea.
During the wet season animals were grazed under conditions similar to communal areas situation. Average milk yields per lactation (kg) for SX, SSX and FX were 70., 73. and 82., respectively, and did not differ significantly (P<0. 05): neither were there significant differences in duration of lactation between or within breeds fed the different diets. Average dam liveweight at parturition and at 7 and 10 months post-partum were 480, 470, 483 kg for SX; 483, 456 and 466 kg for SSX; and 465, 459 and 452 kg for FX respectively.
Animal health data are taken from the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) . 10 3. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION Trends in annual production of meat, milk and eggs 1,000 metric tonnes Product Year Annual.
Animal health data are taken from the Office International des Epizooties (OIE) HANDISTATUS II These are official data supplied by member nations. They are among the poorest groups of the population and livestock is their main source of wealth. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION Trends in annual production of meat, milk and eggs 1,000 metric tonnes Product Year Annual growth rate (%) Meat, total Beef Mutton and goat Pig Poultry Milk, total Eggs, total Composition of total meat production 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% Poultry Pig Mutton and goat Beef 0% YEAR FAO AGAL 7.
The Regional Project on Sustainable Management of Endemic Ruminant Livestock (PROGEBE) resulted from the will of The Gambia, Guinea, Mali and Senegal to implement preservation measures for the trypanotolerant livestock (Ndama cattle, Djallonké sheep and West African dwarf goat) and its natural habitat. Project initiatives have also lead to the establishment of a regional mechanism for the sustainable management of animal genetic resources (AnGR) in West and Central Africa.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), animal trypanosomosis is responsible for . The prevalence of the AAT in tropical and equatorial Africa constitutes a major hurdle with the livestock productions.
These losses are due to stock mortality and depressed productivity, which may be of meat, milk, reproduction or traction. The clinical signs of AAT in livestock. include, anemia, intermittent fever, whimpering, lymphadenopathy, jaundice, edemas, progressive emaciation leading to cachexia, weakness and death, if not treated