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by Dr. Ben H. Severance

Author: Dr. Ben H. Severance
Subcategory: Americas
Language: English
Publisher: Univ Tennessee Press; 1 edition (July 28, 2005)
Pages: 336 pages
Category: History
Rating: 4.3
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usually conducted itself with a high degree of discipline andrestraint. When it was deployed during the political campaigns of 1867 and under themartial law decrees of 1869, the State Guard effectively subdued the intimidation andviolence that ex-Confederates frequently used to suppress freedmen and to unseatRepublicans. Severance contrasts these two campaigns with incidents in 1868, when theKlan terrorized large portions of the state.

Historians have often accused Governor Brownlow of abusing executive power during hisadministration; Severance argues, however, tha In Tennessee?s Radical Army, author Ben H. Severance draws.

Severance uses the Tennessee State Guard as a case study of what force politics could accomplish during Reconstruction. Severance begins by describing the creation and development of the State Guard in 1867. He argues that Tennessee needed the state militia more than other southern states because it had been readmitted to the Union in July 1866, thereby excluding it from the jurisdiction of the Reconstruction Acts of 1867, which sent Federal troops into five different military districts in the South.

The Tennessee State Guard (TNSG) is the state defense force of the state of Tennessee. The TNSG is organized as an all-volunteer military reserve force whose members drill once per month unless called to active duty. The TNSG is a branch of the Tennessee Military Department, alongside the Tennessee Army National Guard, the Tennessee Air National Guard, and the Tennessee Emergency Management Agency. The State Guard acts as a force multiplier for the state's National Guard

Historians have often accused Governor Brownlow of abusing executive power during hisadministration; Severance argues, however, that although it was a partisan law enforcementbody, the State Guard.

Tennessee's Radical Army: The State Guard and Its Role in Reconstruction, 1867-1869 . Ben H. Severance is a history professor and former . Army officer who specializes in military and Civil War history.

Tennessee's Radical Army: The State Guard and Its Role in Reconstruction, 1867-1869, University of Tennessee Press (Knoxville, TN), 2005. SIDELIGHTS: Ben H.

Tennessee's Radical Army: The State Guard and Its Role in Reconstruction, 1867-1869. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Tennessee's Radical Army: The State Guard and Its Role in Reconstruction, 1867-1869 by Ben H. Severance (pp. 197-198). Reconstruction in Alabama: From Civil War to Redemption in the Cotton South. G. Ward Hubbs, Ben H. Severance.

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In Tennessee?s Radical Army, author Ben H. Severance draws upon a wealth of newresearch to argue that the State Guard successfully enforced the Reconstruction policiesof the Radical Republican government from 1867 until its dissolution in 1869.Historians have often accused Governor Brownlow of abusing executive power during hisadministration; Severance argues, however, that although it was a partisan law enforcementbody, the State Guard usually conducted itself with a high degree of discipline andrestraint. When it was deployed during the political campaigns of 1867 and under themartial law decrees of 1869, the State Guard effectively subdued the intimidation andviolence that ex-Confederates frequently used to suppress freedmen and to unseatRepublicans. Severance contrasts these two campaigns with incidents in 1868, when theKlan terrorized large portions of the state. The State Guard was not deployed in 1868,and both the Republican party and freedmen suffered as a result.In this first in-depth examination of the Tennessee State Guard, Severance describesthe militia?s origins, personnel, activities, and accomplishments, and he places the historyof the State Guard within the larger story of the hard-fought battle for Reconstructionin Tennessee. The result is a profile of an organization that became an important tool ofpolitical policy and a force that should have been used for a greater length of time duringthe period of Reconstruction.